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Table 1 Baseline subject characteristics and main effects data

From: Macular carotenoid supplementation improves disability glare performance and dynamics of photostress recovery

Variable Placebo (n = 10) 12 mg (n = 24) 24 mg (n = 25)
Age (years) 21.71 ± 0.98 21.23 ± 0.95 21.68 ± 1.06
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.87 ± 1.39 25.49 ± 1.54 25.72 ± 1.61
Male 4 (40 %) 10 (42 %) 13 (52 %)
Female 6 (60 %) 14 (58 %) 12 (48 %)
Servings of fruits, vegetables/day 1.78 ± 1.52 1.87 ± 1.34 1.77 ± 1.45
Macular pigment optical density (0.5°) 0.527 ± 0.213 0.488 ± 0.248 0.511 ± 0.202
Disability glare (nominal intensity) 88.42 ± 58.77 86.02 ± 55.23 91.8 ± 61.66
Photostress recovery time (seconds) 8.78 ± 5.96 9.11 ± 6.14 9.33 ± 6.39