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Table 2 Postoperative visual and refractive outcomes of ICL implantation according to the incision site (temporal and superior incision groups)

From: Comparison of magnitude and summated vector mean of surgically induced astigmatism vector according to incision site after phakic intraocular lens implantation

  Temporal incision group Superior incision group P value
UDVA (logMAR) − 0.19 ± 0.10 (range, − 0.30 to 0.10) − 0.23 ± 0.10 (range, − 0.30 to 0.10) 0.083
CDVA (logMAR) − 0.25 ± 0.07 (range, − 0.30 to − 0.08) − 0.28 ± 0.05 (range, − 0.30 to − 0.08) 0.567
Manifest spherical equivalent (D) − 0.05 ± 0.23 (range, − 0.75 to 1.00) 0.05 ± 0.28 (range, − 0.88 to 0.75) 0.195
Manifest cylinder (D) − 0.24 ± 0.31 (range, − 1.00 to 0.00) − 0.19 ± 0.24 (range, − 0.75 to 0.00) 0.657
Corneal astigmatism (D) 1.46 ± 0.72 (range, 0.00 to 3.75) 0.86 ± 0.41 (range, 0.00 to 1.75) < 0.001
Mean keratometry (mm) 43.67 ± 1.52 (range, 40.25 to 47.00) 43.66 ± 1.19 (range, 41.88 to 46.00) 0.972
Vault (µm) 503.5 ± 181.9 (range, 147.0 to 60.0) 437.3 ± 173.8 (range, 96.7 to 778.0) 0.332
  1. logMAR logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution, UDVA uncorrected distance visual acuity, CDVA corrected distance visual acuity, D diopter