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Table 3 Wavefront aberrations up to the 6th order measured in the explanted and control IOLs at three pupil sizes

From: Laboratory evaluation of higher-order aberrations and light scattering in explanted opacified intraocular lenses

  2 mm 3 mm 4 mm
Opacified Control Opacified Control Opacified Control
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Ast (μm) 0.025 0.023 0.003 <1e-4 0.032 0.026 0.004 < 0.001 0.048 0.039 0.004 <1e-4
Coma (μm) 0.009 0.006 0.002 <1e-4 0.015 0.008 0.001 < 0.001 0.035 0.020 0.003 <1e-4
Trefoil (μm) 0.012 0.011 0.002 <1e-4 0.011 0.009 0.002 < 0.001 0.015 0.015 0.001 <1e-4
SA (μm) 0.005 0.005 0.004 <1e-4 0.012 0.012 0.012 < 0.001 0.045 0.034 0.033 0.002
Total HOAs (μm) 0.033 0.026 0.007 <1e-4 0.044 0.027 0.013 < 0.001 0.087 0.049 0.034 0.002
  1. SD= standard deviation, Ast= astigmatism, SA= spherical aberration, HOAs= higher order aberrations (including \( {Z}_2^{-2} \) and \( {Z}_2^2 \))