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Table 2 Comparison of postoperative outcomes between TICL and AK + ICL groups

From: Comparison between toric and spherical phakic intraocular lenses combined with astigmatic keratotomy for high myopic astigmatism

Variable TICL Group AK + ICL Group P value
Manifest spherical equivalent (D)
 1 week −0.27 ± 0.79 −0.12 ± 0.65 0.433
 1 month −0.28 ± 0.95 −0.42 ± 0.89 0.648
 3 months −0.30 ± 0.81 −0.54 ± 0.66 0.571
 6 months −0.17 ± 0.82 −0.32 ± 0.89 0.913
 1 year −0.56 ± 0.65 −0.32 ± 1.01 0.517
 2 years −0.46 ± 0.64 −0.44 ± 0.91 0.910
Manifest cylinder (D)
 1 week −0.88 ± 0.80 −1.04 ± 0.60 0.124
 1 month −0.94 ± 0.47 −1.38 ± 0.72 0.045
 3 months −0.98 ± 0.54 −1.39 ± 0.57 0.043
 6 months −0.89 ± 0.99 −1.28 ± 0.63 0.038
 1 year −0.92 ± 0.98 −1.22 ± 0.64 0.043
 2 years −0.93 ± 0.78 −1.19 ± 0.65 0.024
Best corrected visual acuity (LogMAR)
 1 week 0.14 ± 0.23 0.15 ± 0.35 0.971
 1 month 0.13 ± 0.24 0.09 ± 0.25 0.450
 3 months 0.12 ± 0.26 0.10 ± 0.32 1.000
 6 months 0.13 ± 0.27 0.08 ± 0.25 0.362
 1 year 0.11 ± 0.23 0.11 ± 0.26 0.818
 2 years 0.09 ± 0.26 0.10 ± 0.36 0.891
Uncorrected visual acuity (LogMAR)
 1 week 0.29 ± 0.24 0.32 ± 0.27 0.701
 1 month 0.28 ± 0.20 0.30 ± 0.32 0.611
 3 months 0.29 ± 0.19 0.31 ± 0.15 0.794
 6 months 0.28 ± 0.17 0.29 ± 0.23 0.491
 1 year 0.25 ± 0.20 0.26 ± 0.32 0.775
 2 years 0.21 ± 0.23 0.20 ± 0.33 0.966
Safety index
 1 week 1.46 ± 0.38 1.31 ± 0.51 0.102
 1 month 1.48 ± 0.45 1.48 ± 0.40 0.895
 3 months 1.59 ± 0.86 1.62 ± 0.53 0.581
 6 months 1.60 ± 0.80 1.82 ± 0.82 0.856
 1 year 1.68 ± 0.89 1.70 ± 0.78 0.612
 2 years 1.53 ± 0.55 1.60 ± 0.70 1.000
Efficacy index
 1 week 1.04 ± 0.35 0.94 ± 0.24 0.728
 1 month 1.13 ± 0.40 0.86 ± 0.13 0.161
 3 months 1.12 ± 0.59 1.14 ± 0.28 0.259
 6 months 1.14 ± 0.53 1.23 ± 0.29 0.354
 1 year 1.17 ± 0.58 1.17 ± 0.42 0.748
 2 years 1.18 ± 0.45 1.38 ± 0.52 0.816
  1. TICL toric implantable collamer lens, AK astigmatic keratotomy, ICL implantable collamer lens