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Table 5 Incidence of diabetic macular edema among diabetic subjects

From: Epidemiology of diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema and related vision loss

Author (Year) Type of study Location Type of diabetes Follow-up time in years Cumulative incidence, % (95 % CI) Definition of macular edema
Younis (2003) [46] Population United Kingdom Type 1 6 3.2 (0.8–5.7) DME
Younis (2003) [50] Population United Kingdom Type 2 6 6.1 (4.4–7.8) DME
Jones (2012) [52] Population United Kingdom Type 2 10 1.5 DME
Martin-Merino (2012) [47] Population United Kingdom Type 1 9 4.4 DME
Type 2 3.6 DME
Thomas (2012) [49] Population United Kingdom Type 2 4 1.4 DME
Perol (2012) [213] Hospital France Unspecified 3 0 DME
Romero-Aroca (2011) [77] Hospital Spain Type 1 10 11.07 DME
Salinero-Fort (2013) [59] Population Spain Type 2 4 0.01 DME
Klein (1998) [43] Population United States of America Type 1 14 26.1 (22.6–29.6) DME
17.0 (14.1–19.9) CSME
Klein (2009) [73] Population United States of America Type 1 25 29 DME
17 CSME
Varma (2010) [54] Population (Latino) United States of America Unspecified 4 5.4 (3.8–7.1) DME exclusive of CSME
7.2 (5.2–9.1) CSME
Leske (2006) [57] Population Barbados Types 1 and 2 9 8.7 (5.4–12.0) CSME
  1. DR diabetic retinopathy, DME diabetic macular edema, CSME clinically significant macular edema, CI confidence interval