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Table 5 Surgical and postoperative complications (%)

From: The European registry of quality outcomes for cataract and refractive surgery (EUREQUO): a database study of trends in volumes, surgical techniques and outcomes of refractive surgery

  LASIK LASEK PRK RLE Phakic IOL AC Epi-LASIK
Intraoperative complications (%) 0.5 0.6 0.3 1.1 0.6 0.4
Corneal complications 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.4
 Flap-related 0.4 0.2 0 0 0 0
 Implant-related 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Other 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0 0.4
Intraocular complications 0 0 0 0.9 0.5 0
 PCR 0 0 0 0.3 0 0
 Endothelium 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Iris 0 0 0 0.2 0.3 0.
 Other 0 0 0 0.4 0.3 0
Postoperative complications (%) 1.2 2.7 1.6 2.6 4.8 4.2
 DLK 0.3 0 0 0 0 0
 Implant-related 0 0 0 0.2 0.7 0
 Corneal edema 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0
 Optical error 0.4 0.9 0 1.1 0.3 0
 Haze 0 1.5 1.2 0 0 3.6
 Elevated IOP 0 0.1 0 0.1 2.1 0
 Infection 0 0 0 0 0.1 0
 Retinal 0 0 0 0.3 0.5 0
 Ectasia 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Cataract 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0
 Other 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.9 1.2 0.7
All complications (%) 1.7 3.3 1.9 3.7 5.4 4.6
  1. LASIK = Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis, LASEK = Laser-Assisted Subepithelial Keratectomy, PRK = Photorefractive Keratectomy, RLE = Refractive Lens Exchange, Phakic IOL AC = Phakic intra-ocular lens in anterior chamber, Epi-LASIK = Epithelial LASIK, PCR = Posterior Capsule Rupture, DLK = Diffuse Lamellar Keratitis, IOP = intraocular pressure.