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Table 3 Results of the VF-14 quality of life questionnaire in the multifocal IOL group

From: Clinical outcomes with a new microincisional diffractive multifocal IOL

Items Punctuation
1. Reading small print, such as medicine bottle labels, a telephone book, or food labels 1.00 ± 0.93
2. Reading a newspaper or a book 0.50 ± 0.53
3. Reading a large-print book or large-print newspaper or numbers on a telephone 0.13 ± 0.35
4. Recognizing people when they are close to you 0.33 ± 0.71
5. Seeing steps, stairs or curbs 0.11 ± 0.33
6. Reading traffic signs, street signs or store signs 0.11 ± 0.33
7. Doing fine handwork like sewing, knitting, crocheting, carpentry 0.75 ± 0.89
8. Writing checks or filling out forms 0.63 ± 0.74
9. Playing games such as bingo, dominos, card games, or mahjong 0.00 ± 0.00
10. Taking part in sports like bowling, handball, tennis, golf 0.00 ± 0.00
11. Cooking 0.00 ± 0.00
12. Watching television 0.22 ± 0.44
13. Driving during the day 0.20 ± 0.45
14. Driving at night 1.20 ± 0.45
  1. Mean values of the VF-14 QOL questionnaire items at 6 months postoperatively. Grading scale: 0, no difficulty; 1, a little difficulty; 2, moderate difficulty; 3, quite difficult; 4, impossible to perform.